Barcelona is a city that receives almost 12 million tourists from around the world every year, most of them visit us attracted by the fame and majesty of the works of the architect Antoni Gaudí.
The cosmopolitan and constantly evolving Barcelona is known for La Sagrada Familia, La Casa Batlló, La Casa Milà or Park Güell. But in addition to these four jewels that are the most visited by tourists, there are other works by Gaudí in and around Barcelona that are no less impressive.
Below we offer you from Shuttleasy Airport Transfer in Barcelona a complete tour of the works of Antoni Gaudi in Barcelona. From the most important and visited to the least known but not without interest.
The Sagrada Familia in Barcelona.
The Sagrada Familia is one of the best known basilicas in the world. It is one of the most visited monuments in Spain with almost 5 million annual visitors.
We are before the most important and imposing work of Antoni Gaudí, also considered the greatest exponent of Catalan modernism. Also in 2005 the Crypt and the Nativity Façade were declared a World Heritage Site.
La Sagrada Familia is a unique and innovative work in its architectural form. Its construction began in 1883 and almost 140 years later the works that give the building greater splendor are still continuing day by day. The forecast for the completion of the works is foreseen for the year 2030, although it would not be surprising that they will continue for a few more years.
Gaudí planned the construction of a great temple that would allow us to immerse ourselves in a journey through the teachings of the gospels and the church.
From the outside we will be able to contemplate its three wonderful facades (Nativity, Passion and Glory) all of them dedicated to different passages in the life of Jesus, and its 18 towers, 12 dedicated to the Apostles, 4 to the Gospels, 1 to the Virgin Mary and the most 170 meters high dedicated to Jesus.
But if the exterior of the basilica has already captivated us, its interior will surprise us even more. We will enter a space inspired by nature, where we will discover 36 tree-shaped columns embraced by the natural light that illuminates the interior space through its detailed windows. We will have the sensation of being inside a forest.
We will also find the crypt, one of the most important places in the basilica, dedicated to Our Lady of Carmen and where in addition to a museum where we can see the work of Gaudí, we can also visit his tomb.
We should not end the visit to the Sagrada Familia without climbing the towers that crown the basilica. Climbing its narrow spiral staircases will be rewarded with unique views of the city of Barcelona.
Our recommendation is that we make the visits with an audio guide that we can request when buying our tickets. So we can understand all the symbols and secrets that this wonderful building hides.
Casa Milá in Barcelona (La Pedrera in Barcelona).
Casa Milá is one of the images of Paseo de Gracia in the heart of Barcelona. This modernist style building is popularly known as La Pedrera.
Pere Milá, an important textile businessman, was amazed by Gaudí's design of Casa Batlló. It was then that he commissioned Gaudí himself to design another building located a few meters from the previous one and in an area of new growth by the Catalan bourgeoisie. The work was carried out between 1906 and 1912. It consists of two buildings of six floors each with two interior patios and unified with a splendid façade, which makes it look like a single building.
At first glance, its naturist style facade stands out with curves that remind us of the waves of the sea. Different decorative motifs make contemplating this facade a fascinating experience. Wrought iron balconies, roses sculpted in the stone, sculptures of the Virgin or a roof terrace in which the Gaudinian four-armed crosses and chimneys covered in the shape of the heads of warriors attract the attention.
A visit to this building will not leave anyone indifferent. Its interior is as surprising as the exterior facade. Although if you plan to visit in summer, we recommend going to some of the open-air concerts that are organized on the roof during the months of July and August.
Casa Batlló in Barcelona.
A few meters from Plaza de Catalunya we find La Casa Batlló, one of the most important buildings of Catalan modernism. Remodeled by Gaudí between 1904 and 1907, it is an authentic tourist attraction that attracts thousands of visitors every year.
Its sinuous and brightly colored façade is related to the dragon of St. George with wide balconies and windows in the shape of eyes and mouths, with scales on the vault and roof.
Although many visitors prefer to observe skulls, bones instead of columns or Venetian masks as balconies. In short, a great creative work.
Inside we can appreciate the use of large windows, balconies and skylights to bring natural light to all corners of the building. We will find undulations in all its walls and stairs as well as an infinity of shapes in railings that evoke elements of nature.
We recommend once the visit to Casa Batlló is finished to observe the four adjoining houses in the direction of Plaza de Catalunya. It is a set of four modernist buildings by important architects of the time, who maintained a great rivalry between them. The Ametller House (the closest to the Batlló House) by the architect Puig i Cadafalch, the Bonet House by Marceliano Coquillat, the Mulleras House by Enric Sagnier and the Lleó Morera House by Lluís Domenec y Muntaner.
The Park Güell in Barcelona.
Park Güell is the most famous park in the city of Barcelona, as well as the setting for the best views of the city from the large esplanade or Plaza de La Naturaleza. Commissioned by the patron Eusebi Güell to Antoni Gaudí, it was originally going to be an urbanization for the city's bourgeois class, but only two houses were built, including the one that was Antoni Gaudi's house. Finally they discarded the initial idea and an urban park was built.
The park was built between 1900 and 1914 faithful to Gaudí's style, highlighting the elements of nature. We will discover a salamander presiding over the enclosure, gargoyles located under the benches of the square or the snake that we find in one of the fountains.
The use of broken tiles "trencadis" as decoration gives the park a touch of color that enhances its beauty.
We highlight the incredible views of the city from the undulating benches that we find in the square and the fountain at the south entrance with the salamander, two of the most photographed points in the city.
The park is located in the upper part of the city, in an area with sloping access and a bit complicated. We recommend booking our private transfer service in Barcelona to avoid complications and not waste time on your visits to the city of Barcelona.
These are the four most emblematic monuments of Antoni Gaudi and the ones that no one should miss when visiting the city of Barcelona. For all of them it is advisable to buy tickets online, since most days all visits are complete.
Remember that you can move from your hotel to the different visits by booking our private transfer service in Barcelona. We also bring you closer to the airport with Shuttleasy Airport Transfer Barcelona Airport.
Here we present six more buildings by Antoni Gaudi in Barcelona and three in the surroundings of the city. Although they are less visited, some of them due to ignorance, they are not without their interest and the beauty of Gaudi's works.
Casa Vicens in Barcelona.
Casa Vicens was one of the first commissions a young Antoni Gaudi received after finishing his degree. Manuel Vicens y Muntaner, stock and exchange broker, commissioned Gaudi a summer residence in Gracia, at that time it was not yet annexed to Barcelona. Between 1883 and 1885 Gaudi created this marvel with influences from oriental styles: Byzantine, Persian and Mudejar. The building, covered in ceramic, reminds us of other Arab constructions.
Gaudi also took charge of the construction of the furniture and the gardens, the latter are not fully preserved due to the invasion of neighboring buildings.
In 2005 UNESCO chose it as a World Heritage Site. As we have already said, it is a lesser-known work by Gaudi, but no less important for that. If you have time in the city, be sure to visit it.
College of the Teresianas in Barcelona.
Gaudí built the school and convent of the congregation of the Teresian nuns between the years 1887 and 1889. Gaudi designed a neo-gothic style building where brick, ceramics, carpentry and wrought iron predominate. All this conditioned by the order of the priest Enrique Ossó so that Gaudí sticks to an austere budget, which reflects the congregation's vow of poverty.
Gaudi combined brick and cobblestone on the façade with a remarkable aesthetic result. Anagrams of Jesus Christ, Carmelite shields and their characteristic four-armed crosses are different religious symbols that are incorporated into the façade. Parabolic arches open windows through which natural light enters the building.
The interior of the building presents an austere, minimal and clearly functional ornamentation.
The work that Gaudi carried out in the garden is a foretaste of what he later captured in Park Güell: pine trees, palm trees and stone furniture.
With this building Gaudi shows us how advanced it was for the time. Ludeig Mies Van Der Rohe, considered one of the masters of modern architecture, said: “More is less”. Gaudi already applied this concept 50 years earlier.
The Colegio de las Teresianas was declared a Historic-Artistic Monument of National Interest in 1969.
Today the building is a private religious college and is not open to visitors. But it is well worth going closer to simply contemplate the main facade.
Calvet House in Barcelona.
Casa Calvet is a building located in the center of Barcelona a few steps from Plaza de Catalunya. As it is a building for private use, it is not possible to visit its interior, but the proximity to the city center is well worth visiting for a few minutes to contemplate its main façade.
Admiring the facade of the Casa Calvet we will immediately realize that it is a work by Gaudí. We will observe the naturalistic character of the building with fruits, mushrooms or turtledoves embedded in the main part next to the coat of arms of Catalonia or the typical Gaudinian crosses. Brick, wrought iron and sandstone are the most typical materials for Gaudi's buildings.
The building, built between 1898 and 1900, was recognized by the Barcelona city council with the annual award for the best artistic building of the year 1900. As a curiosity, we will tell you that the initial project of the building exceeded the height allowed by municipal ordinances. Gaudi refused to remodel the design and finished the work just as he had intended.
If we visit the Gaudí House-Museum, in Park Güell, we can see the original furniture that the architect created for this building.
Torre Bellesguard in Barcelona.
The Torre Bellesguard is located in the upper part of the city, at the foot of the Collserola mountain range. Built by Gaudí between 1900 and 1909, this neo-Gothic work is one of the most unknown buildings of the architect, although one of the most beautiful. The building is open to the public since 2013 and that is probably the reason for the little knowledge of visitors.
Initially on this site were the remains of a castle. Gaudi preserved and remodeled part of the castle's elements, such as the battlements or the medieval wall, and added a tower and its typical identity stamps. The wrought iron, the coat of arms of Catalonia, the four-armed cross and religious elements are mixed with the use of brick in its construction and decorative tiles.
At the top of the building there are beautiful, very colorful windows, as well as being able to observe some of the best views of the city of Barcelona.
The gardens were also designed by Gaudi and are included in the tours. Although if you are in the city, during the summer time a series of concerts are held in what is known as Gaudi Nights.
Güell Palace in Barcelona.
The Güell Palace was Gaudi's first important work, built between 1886 and 1888. Count Güell wanted to build an urban palace that would connect with his family home. We can find this magnificent palace in the Raval neighborhood, next to the lower part of Las Ramblas.
The building is considered one of the first Art Nouveau projects and has more than 2800 square meters. Like most of Gaudi's buildings, we find a facade covered in brick and stone with wrought iron elements. The large entrance doors that Gaudi designed so that the nobility could enter mounted on their horses are impressive. On the roof we can find different chimneys that Gaudi designed as sculptures.
The visit inside this building will not leave us indifferent. The great central hall is quite a show. Thought as a concert hall, it stands out for its organ and the spectacular dome that acts as a great loudspeaker. Every 30 minutes one of the musical pieces that the family listened to during their stays in the house plays. During the visit we will be able to discover the different innovative resources that Gaudi used in the construction of this building.
Güell Pavilions in Barcelona.
One of the first commissions that Gaudí received from his great patron, Eusebi Güell, consisted of designing the palace gardens where the Güell family used to spend their summer. They were built between 1883 and 1887 and are located in what is currently the Royal Palace of Barcelona.
The project included the design of the gardens, of the two access pavilions to the enclosure, destined to the house of the porter and the stables, and the realization of four entrance gates along the great perimeter of the estate.
Currently only the buildings of the gatehouse, the stables and the riding hall are preserved from the work of Gaudi, along with the wall that surrounds the property. To highlight the only door that is preserved where we can see the use of wrought iron with the excellent guardian dragon that is at the main entrance of the farm.
The main building was demolished in 1919 and the current Pedralbes Palace stood in its place.
Here we end the tour of the buildings that Gaudí designed in the city of Barcelona. Below we list some more works that we can find in the city of Barcelona:
- Lampposts of the Plaza Real in Barcelona.
We can find these lampposts in the Plaza Real. They were the first commission that the Barcelona city council made to the architect Antoni Gaudí and they were inaugurated in 1879. Cast in bronze with a combination of wrought iron, they stand out in their upper part where we find a representation of the helmet of the Roman god Mercury as well as two snakes that they screw into the central trunk of the street lamps.
Two different designs were made, one with six arms, which are the ones we find in the Plaza Real, and a second design with three arms that we can find placed in the Plaza Pla de Palau in Barcelona in front of the Civil Government building.
- Portal Miralles in Barcelona.
Mr. Miralles commissioned Gaudí to build his house on some land in Sarria. Gaudí started the project by building the wall and the access door to the farm in 1901, but finally he was not in charge of building the house.
Currently we can see part of the wall with wavy shapes and decorated with white trencadís as well as the access door to the farm with a large lobed arch and topped with the typical Gaudinian cross made of wrought iron. On one of the sides we find a small original grille door of the time.
In 2000, the access portal to the estate was restored and a life-size sculpture by Antoni Gaudi was incorporated by the sculptor Joaquim Camps.
- Mosaic of the Sant Pacia Church in Barcelona.
One of Gaudi's earliest works was this mosaic made when he was only 28 years old in 1880.
It is a little known work of Gaudi. In the Church of Sant Pacia we find a mosaic that covers the entire floor, made up of borders and geometric drawings. We find very elaborate floral motifs and geometric figures, mixed with various religious references.
If you are passionate about Gaudi it will be well worth a visit to this church.
- Fountain of Hercules in Barcelona.
In the center of what is now the Pedralbes Palace we find the Fountain of Hercules that Gaudi made for the summer home of the Güell family.
The fountain made of stone with an elliptical shape has a sculpture in its central part of the bust of Hercules. From the base of the bust there is a pipe in the shape of a dragon that throws the water in a pile on the shield of Catalonia.
The whole complex integrates perfectly with the nature of the gardens.
-Works by Gaudí in the surroundings of Barcelona.
In towns near Barcelona we can find various works by Gaudi. The most important is the Crypt of Colonia Güell built between 1898 and 1914 as a religious building for the workers of Colonia Güell. It can be visited in Santa Coloma de Cervelló, about 20 minutes from Barcelona.
We have two other buildings a little further from Barcelona. The Cooperativa Obrera Mataronense was a factory located in Mataró, currently it is used for different exhibitions, and the Bodegas Güell in Sitges.
So far our review of the most important buildings of the architect Antoni Gaudí. We wanted to take a tour of all the works that we can find in the city of Barcelona since in most cases we limit ourselves to visiting the two or three most popular ones. In all of them we will be surprised by the beauty with which Gaudí captured his ideas.
"A work of art must be seductive and universal" (Antoni Gaudí)
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